Review: Nikon D4


Specs and Purchasing Information
838794The Nikon D4 has some big shoes to fill. Nikon’s professional line of cameras has been a benchmark since 1959, and it is the next iteration in a line that has seen both revolutionary cameras like the D1 and D3, and relative missteps, like the D2H. It has to compete with Canon’s similarly specced 1D-X (slightly higher in resolution and price). It has to complement and provide unique advantages over the megapixel-monster D800.

But there’s only one real challenge it faces in my book … and it’s not easy. Can it pry my beloved D3s from my hands? I’ve taken 338,378 photos with my D3s’s. They’re worn down to the gunmetal and aren’t slowing down. The D3s is the first camera I’ve ever used that isn’t just good, but something more important … it’s not annoying in any real way. Anyone who’s worked with a lot of cameras on a wide variety of shoots know how profound this is. The things cameras can do these days is astounding, but boy can they also be annoying. The D3s just does its job and gets out of the way, even at crazy-high ISOs, so what can Nikon do to make professional users buy a pricey upgrade?

The most obvious answer is video. The D3s does video … decently. It uses the amazing night-vision chip well for video in the dark, but it’s only 720P, which is below-standard for professional usage, and most of the controls are sort of tacked on. So if you’re looking for a fast-FPS professional Nikon that does great video, you don’t really need to read the rest of the review, just buy the D4. It does 1080p, it has dedicated video controls and a much better live-view screen. Go for it.

But that’s enough of that. This is a camera review. I’ve had video-enabled DSLRs for almost three years now, and … I really don’t care. I’d rather do what I do really well then tack on something else I do decently. The question is how it performs as a photographic tool.

The answer? It is both the best workhorse camera I have ever used and one that I’m ambivalent about.

The good:
Build quality and ergonomics: Every flagship Nikon DSLR has felt incredibly solid, and with more curves and a clearly huge amount of testing, they’ve added little touches of finesse to make this the best one yet. Check out the back:

20120106 nikon d4 backjpeg

Nikon managed to add video controls and two joysticks — one for horizontal operation and one for video — without making the camera feel cluttered. There’s some additional gripping for vertical holding, a lighter but still-powerful battery — just a fantastic overall design. It’s a potential self-defense device as much as a camera.

The screen and Live View: Live View is tied to a camera’s video functioning, which means that in the D3s it works … OK. But in the D4 it’s fantastic. Sadly the D3s Live View only works up to 1/250th of a second, which can leave you hanging in bright situations. But the D4 Live View works at any shutter speed, has a fantastic refresh rate, and allows autofocus that isn’t super-speedy but is surprisingly accurate even in poor light.

You might ask why someone who doesn’t care about video is so impressed by good Live View. Sometimes you want to shoot from angles that aren’t so easy to get your eye in front of:


Or when you don’t want to stare directly into the sun, or into a very close light bulb:


Live View is also an incredibly helpful tool for advanced photography, particularly for someone who likes to manually focus fast lenses. Nikon’s fastest lenses, the 50mm f/1.2 and 58mm f/1.2, only come in manual focus varieties, but the problem is that the optical viewfinder doesn’t show anything like the true depth-of-field of an f/1.2 lens. Live View is almost a necessity to get good focus with these lenses wide-open:


It also comes in tremendously handy for freelensing and even tilt-shift, since it very accurately shows the plane of focus.

But even if you use AF lenses, perfect manual focus comes in very handy for precise situations, such as being able to zoom in on someone’s eyelashes in the dark, with the LCD being much, much more light sensitive than your still-adjusting eyes. That allowed me to know I was getting this image sharp at f/1.4, since the scene was almost completely dark:

Which brings us to:

The great sensor: Like the D3s before it, the D4 is a champ at high ISO. Sadly, while the D3s was a huge step above the D3, which was a GIANT leap over the D2X, the D4 is no better than the D3s in this space. In fact, the D3s is probably very slightly better, but at a given print size it’s pretty much a wash. They’re both fantastic, but the D4 isn’t breaking any new ground.

Of course there are other advantages. Resolution is slightly higher at 16 megapixels, and now it natively goes to ISO 100 instead of the D3s’s ISO 200. In the photo below, to bring down the sky’s exposure and sharpen the foreground I had to shoot at f/14 at ISO 100. With the D3s I’d have to shoot at a less-sharp f/20 at ISO 200.


But the big guy on the sensor block these days is the D800. And it’s true, that thing works magic at ISO 100, with unmatched resolution and dynamic range among DSLRs. But the D4 sensor is clearly designed for sports and photojournalism where ISO 100 is a rare luxury, and according to DXOMark it starts to outperform the D800 in dynamic range at higher sensitivities. As a wedding photographer in New York, I live in dark spaces, so this is worth consideration.

Unlike the 5D3, the D4 deals very well with pushed exposures or dodging.

But a light-sensitive sensor is nothing without light-sensitive…

Autofocus. Sadly the AF system doesn’t correct the one thing about the D3s that is almost annoying — the AF points are clustered too closely together on the FX frame. At first glance it looks exactly the same as the D3/D700/D3s AF system, but it’s rated to be twice as sensitive in low-light, and when you do a lot of work in poorly lit environments you can feel the improvement (even though the D3s is no slouch.) The lighting at this wedding with Sam Hurd was intensely purple, which drove the normally-great Canon 5D3 autofocus a bit bonkers, but it was hard to shake the D4 off its game:


Overall, this and the D800 seem to be the best in class for low-light autofocus. We’ll see if the 1D-X has any tricks up its sleeve.

The Bad(ish):

Honestly, very few things are wrong with this camera (as long as you get one that isn’t locking up). But there are some niggling issues that affected me, and may affect you.

You Can’t Buy Just One: Most of the people in the market for D4s are professionals, and thus need backup gear. If you shoot with two cameras at the same time (like I do), then you’re probably going to want to buy two. The D3s looks and feels so similar that you’ll keep forgetting which is which — until your thumb reaches for a button and you remember that it’s not there. The fastest way to do things with the D4 are via the new joysticks, but that was another thing to remember when I had a D3s slung over the other shoulder. The AF mode switching, the metering selection, there are so many little changes that will frustrate you down the line. If you use a D800 as a second body, not only will your files randomly be vastly different sizes, but you’ll be dealing with three different memory card systems. Which brings me to:

Hybrid cards: Nikon had this right with the D3 and D3s, and now Canon has it right with the 1DX. The best way to implement a dual-card system is with two of the same kind of card. I am constantly switching cards in and out to back up as I go along, and with nothing but CF cards the chain is seamless — all cards are either in the camera or actively being downloaded at any time. But throw in a different sort of slot and it all becomes some sort of strange juggling act that is at best annoying (there’s that word!) and at worst can endanger valuable data by misplacing a card. Honestly, I can’t wait for the D4s where they figure out whether the XQD system was worth it or not. Go all-in or don’t.

This is an amazing camera, with a few quirks that will only annoy people who are very set in their D3s-shooting ways. It combines Nikon’s excellent flash system (with upgrades like remembering flash-head zoom positions after they’ve been turned off and on) with a great overall sensor and a world-class body. Is it worth the $6K when the D800 is half the price with more resolution or the D3s is still hanging around at a discount? For most Nikon sports photographers and photojournalists who increasingly live in a multimedia world, the answer should probably be yes.

For people who are counting every dollar? Perhaps, going forward, but ponder this: if I were unethical, I could have written this review without ever touching a D4. Any of these shots could have been taken with the D3s and you’d never know the difference, even with 100 percent crops (the difference between 12 and 16 megapixels isn’t huge). Only the images where I used Live View in the day time provided a clear practical advantage.

But I have loved mine to pieces, and kept turning to it, as these sample photos will show. This is a camera that is built to work:


Buy it here

mike - Reading…learning…smiling : D

JVS - Thanks for the honest review Ryan!

Jonathan Martinez - Extraordinary images produced from that puppy. Thanks for the read!

Chris Aram - I have eagerly been awaiting a “real” review from a photographer whose work I love and trust. Thanks for both the review and the eye candy. Beautiful work!

brett maxwell - great review, but you didn’t answer the question on everyone’s mind: will it be your primary camera (or two) this year?

Ryan Brenizer - @Brett: The answer you seek is in the subtext. I also have the D800 left to test.

nadine - really great photos, ryan :) and thanks for the review. i still haven’t made up my mind about my d4 yet.

Max - So… If I buy one of these, can I take pictures like those?

Steven Mackie - WHO puts a ring inside a light bulb!!?? I mean c’mon ;)That’s crazy how good that looked.

BTW, should that be freelensing or freelancing?

Jeremy - Thanks for the review. The annoying items you listed were enough for me to stick with my d3s…for now at least.

Christian Berens - WOW! Such precise images! The camera is truly great, but the photographer is also… I guess you get a little credit haha.

Tera Nelson - I just nod my head at your mind blowing images.

Reché Rush - Nice…REAL Nice…

Ben Chrisman - Nice review Ryan. I agree completely. The D4 is the best camera I have ever used.

Varun Saran - I’ll save this for a nice through read tonight, but from skimming: I agree with the comments on card slots! Excellent images as always!

Alejandro Carabes - now you making want to go in dept to get this awesome camera.

David {Dig It Photography} - Great hands-on review, thanks.

Matthew - Amazing review and the photos are awesome. Can’t wait to read your D800 review.

Scott - How romantic… Awesome photography!

Daniel Sheehan - Love it Mate – have 2 D4’s myself and see a significant difference between my D3’s (not d3s) – thanks for the review and promoting the canera!!

Diego Tabango - I love my D4 to bits but it hasn’t been my best experiences. It has locked up on me several times, and it appears Nikon has changed the way AF-S/AF-C “focus” priority worked in previous models.

Lukas Gisbert-Mora - So not really a big need for an upgrade from my D3s, D4s could be the one to wait for than. That second to last photo in the Church, amazing, how wide was this?

Zeus - Lovely, lovely work! It’s clear you could make great images with a shoe box and some duct tape. Thanks for sharing! It was a great read! It was also much appreciated that someone finally put into words the whole idea of “less or more annoying” in use.

Great read once again!

Fotograf nunta Iasi - Nice review the D4 is the best camera!

Colton - Any complaints about the green hue on the LCD? I’m diggin’ my D4, but I am having a crazy hard time getting past the fact that every image looks green through the LCD.

Paul Bohman - About the inaccuracy of the optical view finder with wide aperture lenses: Do you have any idea why the preview seems incapable of showing anything wider than about f2.2? Does the camera body close down the lens, or is it an optical property of the prism/ground glass? This is something that has bugged me for a while.

Craig Cacchioli - Looks like a great camera. You certainly have some great shots to show off the dynamic range.

adrienne - Beautiful set of photos and i like your ability catch the moment. Love the choose of the lens: beautiful backgrounds. Congrats.

Jason - I tried reading your review but I kept getting distracted by your images. :) Loving your work as always mate.

melissa - Awesome honest review, thank you, so helpful! I’ve been on the fence… :D Love your work, these photos are gorgeous!

Dmitriy Frolov - I always like to read something interesting from you. This one is no exception!

Doug - Just got mine a week and a half ago, and you’re dead on with, “you can’t just buy one.” The buttons are different enough that shooting with it and the D3s is driving me a bit nuts.

Marctriyandi - Another good review, you can convince people to use this camera from this article.

Serge - I have read around the Net that there are some focusing issues with D4/D800. So here’s a simple test that confirms proper autofocus operation:

Phillip Gao - Spectacular angles for the shots Ryan. The review has got me thinking about Nikon.

Josh Jones - Great review. I definitely agree with you on the autofocus. Definitely the fastest I have used. I just wrote a similar review of my Nikon D4, also from the perspective of a wedding photographer. If anyone wants to check it out they can read it here:

Ben - This makes the choice harder still…. I love my d3 at weddings much more than d700, I wonder if the d4/d800 would be the same> Thanks Ryan!

John Fredy - I jumped from Nikon D600 to D4. I am a pro photographer. I want to share my opinion in using this camera. I am very impressed with the image quality generated by this camera. Great camera in low lighting something I need more than anything. I think spot metering in low lighting works much better than matrix for color rendering and overall exposure work. The focusing is very fast and in low light situation it works great. Love it.

The unit has an incredible dynamic range. The ergonomics are excellent, and weight is less than my D600 with a Power Grip. I have shot images at 12,800 ISO with little or negligible noise, and at 50 ISO images need only minor post. I especially like the ability to Auto bracket at up to 3EV. This is great for HDR’s.

I recommend this camera for professional photographer. I mean that Nikon has created a camera that does all the things a camera in this category should at this point in time with no glaring omissions. It is definitely a new benchmark for Nikon.

I chose amazon for this purchase because of the great customer service I have gotten in the past, and this was certainly the case this time.

Ashley - Great review, although i probably go with the 800 was good to read up on the d4 also. thanks

Peter Kalogeropoulos - Great review as usual!!

Simon Young - I use the D4 alongside the D810 and find myself turning to the D810 more and more. It seems to get a better Auto white balance and has more “Wiggle room” at low ISO. For indoor and sports shoots, the D4 is still my first choice but if I am realistic about print sizes, either camera will now do pretty well any job. Si.